Pakistan has many beautiful places like Neelu Valley, Islamabad, etc and Nanga Parbat is one of them. Nanga Parbat is a mountain located in the Diamer District of Pakistan’s Gilgit Balistan. The mountain is also known as Diamer due to its location in Diamer District.
Nanga Parbat is one of the highest mountains in the world, it is the ninth highest mountain in the world with a total height of 8,126 meters above sea level. It is the western anchor of the Himalayas. The mountain is also known as Diamer or Deo Mir by the locals, which means “Huge Mountains”.
The name of the mountain Nanga Parbat is derived from the Sanskrit words Nanga and Parbat. The combined meaning of these two words is “Naked Mountain”. In this article, you will get to know top 10 things about the Nanga Parbat –
9 Things To Know About Nanga Parbat –
- Elevation of Nanga Parbat
- Tallest mountain in Pakistan
- Reason behind the name Nanga Parbat
- Climbing history
- First ascent
- Winter climbing
1. Elevation of Nanga Parbat –
The first and one of the most important things everyone should know about any mountain is the height or elevation of the mountain. The elevation of the Nanga Parbat is about 8,126 meters which makes Nanga Parbat the ninth highest mountain in the world.
2. Tallest mountain in Pakistan –
The tallest mountain in Pakistan is known as K2. K2 mountain is located on China – Pakistan border and the tallest mountain in Pakistan. The elevation of the K2 mountain is about 8,611 meters high. The mountain is also the highest point of the Karakoram range and also it is the point in both Pakistan and Xinjiang.
The name of the mountain is K2 which is derived from the notation used by the Great Trigonometrical Survey of British India. The survey of the Karakoram was made for the very first time by Thomas Montgomerie. He sketched the two most prominent peaks, labelling them K1 and K2. K2 is located in the northwest of the Karakoram range. It is located in the Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan and the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous Country of Xinjiang, China.
3. Location of Nanga Parbat –
The Nanga Parbat is located at the south of the Indus River in the Diamer District of Gilgit-Baltistan in Pakistan. At the north of the Nanga Parbat, the western end of the Karakoram range is located.
4. Reason behind the name Nanga Parbat –
The name Nanga Parbat derived from the two Sanskrit words Nanga and Parvata which together means “Naked Mountains” The Punjabi name of the Parbat is Diamer or Deo Mir which means “huge mountain”.
5. Climbing history –
The Nanga Parbat was discovered by Europeans. A man Albert F. Mummery led an expedition to the peak, but he reached upto 6,100 m on the Diamer Face in 1895.
Mummery and two Gurkha Companions later died with him reconnoitering the Rakhiot Face. The German focused on Kanchenjunga initially, but its steep faces were more difficult than Mount Everest. In 1932, the Germans expedition to Nanga Parbat was initially led by Willy Merkl.
The expedition was also referred to as German-American expedition. In 1934, Willy Merkl led another expedition, it was better prepared and also it was financed by the New Nazi Government. On the same route used by Willy Merkl, a guy Karl Wien led another expedition to the mountain in 1937. Due to heavy snowfall, progress was made very slowly.
On June 14, an avalanche was overrun on camp IV below Rakhiot Peak, in which seven Germans and nine Sherpas were killed.
6. First ascent –
On July 3, 1953, an Australian climber Hermann Buhl climbed the Nanga Parbat. The Parbat was climbed for the very first time. Buhl was the member of a German-American team, he climbed the Parbat via Rakhiot Flank. The half brother of Willy Merkl organized the expedition with Karl Herrligoffer. Peter Aschenbrenner was the leader of the expedition.
Peter also participated in the 1932 and 1934 attempts. During the final push, for the final 1,300 meters, Buhl continued alone after his companion turned back. Under the influence of the drug pervitin, tea from coca leaves, and padutin, at 7:00 p.m., Buhl reached the summit.
The climbing was harder than he had anticipated and also it was time consuming. During the climbing Buhl lost his crampon. He was forced to bivouac.
He was exhausted, holding a small handhold with his one hand. It was very difficult but he had to manage his balance. It was very fortunate to have a calm night and not so wind chilled. The next day of setting out after 40 hours, at 7:00 p.m., he finally reached his high camp.
It was more difficult to climb due to the ascent was made without oxygen. Buhl is the only man to have made the first ascent of an 8,000 meter peak alone.
7. Winter climbing –
On Feb 26, 2016, the Nanga Parbat was climbed for the very first time by a team consisting of Ali Sadpara, Alex Txikon, and Simone Moro. Also on January 25, 2018, the second winter ascent was made by the Polish Mackiewicz and Frenchwoman Elisabeth Revol.
8. Attacks –
A Lithuanian, two Slovaks, two Chinese, a Chinese-American, one Nepali and three Ukrainians and a Pakistani guide were shot and killed at base camp by 15 extremist militants on June 23, 2013. Another foreign victim was injured in the attack which occurred at around 1 am claimed by the local branch of Taliban.
9. Appearances –
On Jan 14, 2010, a movie by Joseph Vilsmaier released about the 1970 expedition of brother Gunther Messner and Reinhold Messner. Hans Ertl, who participated in climbing upto 6,500 m to camp 5 directed a film in 1953 called Nanga Parbat 1953. It was a documentary film, Ertl was also the cinematographer of the film. Film The Climb covers the story of Hermann Buhl making the first ascent was released in 1986 by Donal Shebib.
A book Tigers Of The Snow was written by Jonathan Neale about the 1934 Nanga Parbat ascent.Neale interviewed many old Sherpas and also the last man alive on Nanga Parbat in 1934. The book is all about what went wrong on the expedition, the background of German Politics in the early 1930s, and the hardships and passion for life in the Sherpa Valleys.
A fictional city Nanga Parbat in the DC Universe is also named after Nanga Parbat.